Pickleball Rules FAQ: 24 Common Pickleball Rules Questions Answered

Barrett Kincheloearticle, Basics, beginner, Rules 49 Comments

Over the past three years, I’ve received well over a thousand questions and comments about the rules of pickleball. Throughout this time, I’ve gathered up a list of the most common questions and concerns that pop up in the pickleball world. What’s listed below are some common pickleball rules questions answered!

If you’re new to the game and you’d like a full rundown on the most common pickleball rules, you’ll definitely want to check out this article.

However, if you have a question you’re trying to find the answer to, you’ll most likely find it below.

How do you handle rules in a recreational play setting?

Some of the questions that pop up about pickleball have to do with niche rules that don’t come up very often. I’ve included some of them in this list but omitted a lot of them.

The reason is that some of the rules that would absolutely apply in a tournament setting, are applied much less often in a recreational play setting.

As an example, a common tournament rule that you see pop up often are rules surrounding incorrect receivers or servers. A referee will keep track of who the correct server or receiver is.

But in recreational play, no one typically cares and it’s not a big deal. You’ll be fine as long as you’re making a conscious effort to keep things within the rules.

So keep in mind that as we go throughout this list that some of the rules listed here may not be enforced in a recreational setting because most players, quite frankly, just don’t care.

What happens when the serve hits the net and goes over?

Where a ball can and cannot land is different for the serve compared to other shots in pickleball. But luckily, it’s pretty easy to understand.

If the ball hits the net on your serve, bounces over to your opponent’s court and lands in the service box, it’s what we call a “let”. This simply means that you get to serve again. This can happen an infinite amount of times.

Keep in mind that the service box includes the centerline, the baseline, and the sideline. But it does not include the kitchen line! Also, if it lands outside the service box of your opponent, then it would be a fault just like it would be if you hadn’t hit the net.

So the next question is: what happens if it does hit the kitchen or the kitchen line? As you’ve probably guessed, this is a fault. It doesn’t matter if the ball hits the net or not, the serve cannot land in the kitchen or hit the kitchen line.

Any serve that hits the kitchen line or kitchen zone is a fault.

What’s the rule on a double hit?

Double hits happen somewhat frequently in pickleball. They can be hilarious when done on accident, but the rules surrounding them can be confusing.

Here’s the rule: double hits are allowed in pickleball if they are done on accident and within one stroke that’s going in the same direction. Basically, it has to be done unintentionally. If you hit the ball, then change your stroke or do another stroke afterward, it’s also a fault.

How do line call rules work in pickleball?

Line calls are one of the most common areas of debate in pickleball. More arguments on the court surround this topic than anything else in the sport.

Here’s what you need to know. The physical material that the ball is made of has to touch the paint that the line is comprised of. Both of those elements have to touch in order for the ball to be considered in.

It doesn’t matter if the ball is hovering over the line or not while not touching the paint.

This is a huge topic that I have tons more info about here, but let me give you a shortlist.

  1. If a ball lands near one of your lines and it’s close, you have to call it in.
  2. Line calls must be made quickly after the ball lands.
  3. You only call shots that are on your side of the court.
  4. If you disagree with your opponent’s line call, you can ask them or the referee.
  5. If you call a shot out, but your partner calls it in, the call is in.
  6. If you express any kind of doubt about whether the ball is in or out, the call is automatically in.

Can you hit the ball with your hand?

In short, no. Let’s say that you drop your paddle and in your state of panic you smack the ball with your hand. Hilarious, to say the least, but it is a fault.

However, if you make an inaccurate swing and you end up hitting the ball with your hand while holding your paddle, then this is legal.

Imagine for a second that you’re holding your paddle and it’s pointing straight down to the ground. Any ball that hits at your wrist and below towards the end of your paddle is legal. But you have to be holding onto the paddle for this to be the case.

What are the rules on people’s behavior on the court?

I get a lot of questions about player behavior on the court. Although this is very rare to see, I have heard concerns about people taunting or saying other things before the person serves or hits the ball.

This opens things up into the wonderful world of distraction rules.

Again, this is extremely rare, but if someone is taunting you as an example, this is not a distraction and is perfectly legal. It’s crummy, but it’s legal. Keep in mind that if it goes overboard, a referee can intervene to award points to the team being insulted.

However, if you’re about to hit the ball and someone makes a loud noise or yells at you, then this is a distraction and a fault can be declared.

Remember that this does not include team communication. If someone yells something that’s clearly meant for team communication and you hit the ball into the net, this is not a distraction. Also, strange movement patterns or standing in certain places are not distractions.

Do you have to call the score before the serve?

Oh boy, this is one of my personal pet peeves. Technically yes, you do have to call the score before you serve. However, as I stated about with recreational rules, some people won’t or they talk so quietly that you can’t hear them.

This is why it’s a good idea to know what the score is at all times. If you’re a beginner, this will take some time to get used to. But it’s a useful thing to get good at.

If you’re playing in a tournament, you must wait until the referee calls the score in its entirety before beginning your service motion.

Can you use two paddles at the same time?

No, but that would be hilarious if you could!

You can’t use a paddle in each hand, however, you can switch hands. Some players who are ambidextrous will switch the paddle to the other hand to get a shot. I personally don’t recommend this, but it does work for some people.

What happens if a ball bounces on your side, then spins back over?

If a ball with a tremendous amount of spin bounces on your side of the court then bounces back over, the ball is still in play and you can still hit it. And yes, you can hit it even though it’s on the other side of the court.

You’re allowed to run towards the net and strike the ball. The most popular strategy with this is to hit it back into the net, which is legal.

Keep in mind though that if the ball bounces on their side of the court this is a fault since the first bounce happened on your side. As it goes over the net, you’ll need to hit it quickly.

Another rule to keep in mind here is the rule about the plane of the net. You cannot cross the plane of the net unless you’re going to hit the ball. If you ever decide for any reason that you need to cross to the other side, you better hit the ball or it’s a fault!

Can you have a pre-serve routine before you serve?

Yes, in fact, it’s encouraged! Pre-serve routines are extremely important because it gets your muscle memory and your body into the flow of the game. They give you confidence in your serve and most importantly, pre-serve routines keep you away from the yips!

You can do anything you want essentially. I’ve had a lot of pickleball players ask if you can bounce the ball with your hand and the answer is of course!

What does a dead ball mean?

To put it simply, a dead ball just means that the ball is no longer in play. Once a fault has been declared in any way either by a kitchen violation or the ball landing outside the court, the ball is immediately dead the instant the fault happens.

This means that whatever happens with the ball no longer matters. But keep in mind that this only applies to the ball itself, not any other rules. If a dead ball is declared, but you make a kitchen fault, the kitchen fault still applies!

What happens if you hit a ball that bounced out?

This goes along with the dead ball rule that we just talked about above. If the ball lands out of the court on your side, the ball is declared dead as soon as you make the line call. Once you yell “out” the ball is dead whether or not the call came before or after you hit the ball.

This is very important for you to understand because some players believe that you can’t hit a ball until after you’ve made the call. This isn’t true!

It’s OK to hit a ball after it bounced out, you just have to make the line call promptly afterward.

What happens if you hit an opponent with your serve?

It’s your point! I know this rule seems a bit crazy. But in general, if you ever get struck by a ball other than your wrist and below to the end of the paddle, it’s a fault.

It doesn’t matter if they were just minding their own business waiting for the serve to happen. If anyone on their team gets hit by the serve, it’s a point for you.

Can you hit a shot from outside the court around the net post?

Absolutely and these are some of the most fun shots to do in pickleball. These are what we call ATP shots which stands for “around the post”. I did a video about this that you can check out on my YouTube channel.

There are really no limits to hitting an ATP shot. The only rule that applies to these shots is the net post rule. In pickleball, you cannot hit the net post with a ball. This is illegal. Otherwise, hit those ATP shots as much as you want!

Can you be in the kitchen to dink a ball that has bounced?

This is a made-up rule that I hear on a regular basis. Some people think that you can’t be in the kitchen even to dink a ball. This is not true. Let me give you a rundown on how the kitchen rules work in pickleball.

  1. You cannot volley a ball while having been, are currently, or would be due to momentum in the kitchen. A volley is a shot that hasn’t bounced on the ground yet.
  2. The kitchen rule no longer applies if the ball has bounced.
  3. As we’ll talk about later, the kitchen is the physical ground on the floor, not the space above it.

This is all you need to understand the kitchen rules. If the ball has bounced, you can be in the kitchen all you want. The rule only applies if the ball hasn’t bounced.

Is it illegal for players to stand outside the court at the beginning of a point?

There is only one rule that governs where a player can stand and that is for the server. Everything else is fair game.

If you’re receiving the ball, you can stand anywhere you want. You can stand directly behind the net if you want to! But obviously I don’t recommend it. Furthermore, it doesn’t matter if you hit the ball while behind the baseline or not.

In pickleball, player positioning before a point starts doesn’t matter in terms of the rules. What matters is who is receiving or serving. Where you’re positioned (again, other than the server) doesn’t matter.

Can you spin the ball with your hand before hitting your serve?

There is no rule on how a server should toss the ball.

You can toss it high, low, with spin, without spin, or even not toss it at all. There are no rules in this regard, but I would not be surprised if we saw some in the future.

What happens if a ball hits the crossbar of a portable net?

This is a rule that can catch people off guard but will sometimes happen in recreational centers indoor with portable nets.

This rule is only applied based on the situation at hand. If you strike a ball and it hits the crossbar on your side of the net, then that’s a fault. This counts for any shot and includes the serve.

However, other than the serve, if your shot goes over and (most likely because of hitting the net) ends up trickling over and hitting the cross bar before or after it bounced or gets stuck in between the bar and the net, then it’s a let and the point must be replayed.

The reason it works this way is that the opponent had no chance of getting the ball since it wasn’t able to travel its full distance.

Can you hover your paddle over the kitchen?

Yes you can. This is a critical rule to understand because if you want to get good at pickleball, then you must learn how to take dinks out of the air above the kitchen.

Always remember, the kitchen is the physical ground, not the space above it. You can hover above the kitchen as much as you want!

What happens when you and your partner hit the ball at the same time?

Technically speaking, you and your partner most likely did not hit the ball at the same time. What most likely happened is that you hit paddles at the same time and whoever was in front ended up hitting the ball.

Regardless, this is perfectly legal.

Does scoring work differently in singles play?

For rules, there are only two things you need to understand when playing singles.

  1. You’re the only server and therefore the third number in the score is taken out.
  2. Where you serve is only based on your score.

The 2nd rule tends to mess people up a bit. Just look at it this way: when your score is even, you start serving on the right side of the court. When your score is odd, you start serving on the left side.

Is it illegal to intentionally hit players with a ball?

It is not illegal to intentionally hit players. However, if the referee deems so, a point can be awarded to the other team if a player is maliciously attempting to injure a player. This is all up to the referee though and typically making a call like this based on a shot is rarely going to happen.

And just to be clear, I’ve never seen or heard anything like this before.

It’s well understood in pickleball that getting hit by the ball is a normal part of the game. It happens. Players will intentionally try to hit near a certain part of a player. Some common areas are on the side of the waist or near the shoulder. Although players are very, very rarely trying to hit the person, sometimes inaccuracy peeks its ugly head and they hit the person.

It happens and is met with an apology. It’s a part of the game and it’s something that you have to get used to.

Does the receiver have to stand behind the baseline?

As I talked about earlier, no. The receiver does not have to be behind the baseline to receive the serve. This rule only applies to the server.

What happens if a ball breaks in the middle of a match?

If the pickleball breaks in the middle of a rally, you’re out of luck! The play continues until after the point has concluded.

I know that this can be annoying, but remember that your opponent is having to deal with the same problem!

Here are some common tricks that you should look out for

Unfortunately, people like to make up rules all the time. It’s sad, but it’s true. Believe me, I hear about them all the time! Be careful when someone says something about a rule that you’ve never heard of. It’s possible that they’re right, but sometimes they’re making something up because they don’t like to lose.

Make sure that you check out the USAPA rulebook which I’ve linked here. Get familiar with the rules so that you can debunk anything that pops up during play.

I hope this article as helpful for you! If you have any questions please feel free to leave s comment and I’ll try to respond as quickly as possible.

Comments 49

  1. If a player returns a ball that is in the air and he jumps in the kitchen after the return is it a fault for going in the kitchen?

  2. I understand rule 9c* regarding momemtum carrying player into NVZ after striking ball. However, how much time must pass before play is considered dead and player can now step or fall into NVZ? Many times the ball is well past both receiving players and rolling onto/off court in a fraction of a second after a successful smash while still on toes onside before falling in seconds later. Why is the momentum rule overriding all dead ball rule of 2 bounces? If it bounces more than 2x and/or player has absolutely no possibility of returning the offensive hit, it should be end of rally and point awarded. The current rule should be re-evaluated and be considered as a rule change as a DEAD BALL ending all play.

  3. If you call a ball out as it approachs your end line but your partner plays it (and it may have been in or out) and it lands in the opponents side of the court is the volley dead or should play continue. I had an opponent say that once you call the ball out, the volley ends whether it was a correct call or not. Then the decision is made whether it was a correct out call or not.
    Can you clarify who can call out and what happens if play continues.

  4. I heard the serve must be underhand, below the waist and your wrist must be straight. One guy said waist was hip, another guy said waist was belly button?
    The second thing that was said , if you bounce the ball for serve, None of these rules apply and you get any way you want to?
    Also said the bounce serve is temp trial and may go away so don’t get used to it?

  5. Situation: You are in the transition zone on left side. Opponent does a great drop that lands in the corner of the kitchen close to the net. I was able to get the ball and keep it in play ATP, but my momentum carried me past the net (but off the court). Am I allowed to pass the center line off the court in this situation? I read a rule that says you can only go to the other side to play a ball that went back over the net due to wind or backspin. But in this case, i played the ball on my side and ended up on their side of the net off the court.

  6. I have a question…if someone goes to hit a regular shot, completely whiffs it, and it goes out of bounds (so it hasn’t bounced at all) does the team who went to hit it get the point since it went out or does the team who hit it get the point because an attempt was made to hit the ball?

    1. The receiving team gets the point: the ball went out of bounds. It doesn’t matter that you swung at it.

  7. When does the “future” portion of the kitchen fault end? I would think that after a 2nd bounce that it would end, as there is no longer a live play going on. Some players are calling the kitchen fault even though the ball is rolling into the other court. There has to be some practical end to the “future” portion of volley fault in the kitchen.

    1. You have to establish yourself outside of the kitchen after a volley…..even if the ball is dead in the other court or it is a fault.

  8. I really enjoy Pickleball but am very disappointed with the number of players who are derisive about lob shots to the point they will threaten not to play
    Obviously if they are slamming you at the net the lob shot works perfectly to get them back so I cannot understand this attitude and regard it as very bad sportsmanship when they refuse to run and complain about it!
    I would like your opinion please

    1. Lobs are a very effective shot if you can pull it off. Too bad that they don’t have legs to go back and get them.

  9. We had a full discussion as to when a ball is considered “out” vs “in” when partially hitting the line.

    One view felt that it was most like tennis where replays will show the tennis ball clearly hitting part of the line due to the compression of the ball. Similarly, in pickleball, the ball would clearly be above the line (although no compression of the ball) and this would make the call as “IN”.

    The other point of view was that the pickleball does NOT compress and so it is possible that when the ball first touches the court outside of the line, there could be still 20% of the ball visible atop the line (but not touching due to lack of compression), this would make the call as “OUT”…

    I could not find clarification for this in the Rules of Pickleball… whereas a visual example might need to be shown as well.

    1. Correct, there is no compression of a PB. Think of it as the apex of the ball. The apex has to touch a portion of the line. It has nothing to do with the overlapping of the ball over the line.

  10. I had a situation where the ball was returned and landed out of bounds. However, my partner attempted to return it anyway unsuccessfully in the fast-moving game. The opposing players said that since my partner did not call “out” first we lost the point. I argued that if the ball was hit out and had already hit the floor, so the play was over regardless of the fact my partner swung at it and made contact prior to saying “out”.

    Would you render an opinion please?

    1. You should attempt to hit the “out” ball just in case it is in and make the call immediately after realizing it is out. It is legal to hit the ball after it is out and then call it “out”. But, the out call must be made before the opponent strikes the ball or the ball become dead.

  11. Thank you very much for taking the time to write this article. Pickleball is a new sport to me. This game, which I found to be both pleasant and exhilarating, was taught to me by my friends. In order to teach my children how to play, I recently acquired a paddle from Volley Llama Pickleball. It’s quite wonderful to understand the rules of the game. Making a point in the past has proven tough.

  12. In a drop serve, if the serve goes to hit the ball and misses (whiff), do they lose their serve, or do the just drop it again and hit it?

    1. I had a situation where our opponents said their ball hit my partner on their clothes and therefore scored a point. My partner claimed he did not get hit by a ball and I did not see him get hit either. Who gets the point?

    2. Once you start your service motion, you swing your paddle, and you intend to hit the ball, if you miss it, it is a fault. I think the key point here is “intent”. Technically, it is not a fault if you are taking a practice swing before the actual serve.

  13. When returning the ball,
    Is it legal to hold the paddle grip. with one hand and have the other hand on the back of the paddle? Using it to create a sling shot type hit of the ball?

  14. In a rally if my shot hits my partner and still lands in the opponents court have I committed a fault? What rule applies?

    1. Post
    2. Fault. During play or serve: Rule 4.M.4. The served ball touches the server or their partner, or anything the server or their partner is wearing or holding.

  15. Playing doubles I hit the ball to my opponents. One player yelled the ball was out. The ball wasn’t out and the other player hit it back and scored a point because I stopped moving when I heard that it was out. Were they entitled to the point?

    1. Yes. You may talk to your partner when it is your turn to hit the ball after the opponents have made their hit. Rule 3.A.2. Coaching – Communication of any information, including verbal, nonverbal, and electronic, from someone other than a player’s partner, that a player or team may act upon to gain an advantage or help them avoid a rules violation.

  16. In tennis the team receiving the serve can miscall the serve of their opponent, and then correct the call. If they returned the serve fairly, it is the ONE “do-over” in tennis and the server serves again for replay of the point. I can fine no mention of such a rule in pickle ball. Does pickle ball follow suit on this specific scenario?

  17. The let” rules have changed. If on a serve the ball hits the net, it is a live ball. If it stays in play, it is a legal serve. If it goes out or lands in the kitchen, it is side out or the your partner serve, whatever the instance.

  18. Can a player about to receive a serve call a time out to allow their partner time to get into position?

  19. I was hit by a fly ball that while standing out of bounds. The ball did not bounce first. What is the ruling on this?

    1. My partner gave the opponents the point, after I hit a winner. He said I stepped in the kitchen while hitting an overhead several rallies before I hit my winning shot. I did not realize I had stepped in the kitchen during this particular volley he referred to. He said he let the rally continue even though the opponents never saw the infraction.
      What is the ruling in this case?

      1. The ball is in play until it bounces. If you are in or out of the court makes no difference. Once it bounces out of the court, it is considered a “dead” ball. Likewise, you can play a fly ball that has passed over the baseline before it has bounced.

  20. I was hit by a ball that was heading out of bounds and I was standing out of bounds. The ball did not bounce first. What is the ruling on this?

    1. Post
    2. The answer to the second question on lets is outdated now as service lets no longer apply in the new 2021 rule updates.

      1. Correct. There are no lets now. If it hits the net and clears the no volly zone (kitchen) it is in play. If it hits in the kitchen, it is a fault.

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